Iraq Oil Report's Daily Brief compiles the most important news and analysis about Iraq from around the web.

IDPs return home to work in their fields

Rudaw reports:

Some families have left refugee camps in the Kurdistan Region and returned to their homes in Snuny, north of Sinjar, where they have started farming their fields.

Whole families, who were internally displaced by the Islamic State, are in their fields from morning to evening, planting cucumber, eggplant, wheat, and grain crops.

Landmines are still a concern, however. A local official noted that only some of the land has been cleared of the explosives.

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Iran restarts electricity exports to Iraq

Press TV reports:

Iran has resumed electricity exports to Iraq’s southern province of Basra following a hiatus over unpaid dues.

According to Tasnim news agency quoting a local Iraqi media outlet, Baghdad Governor Majed al-Nasravi confirmed Iran’s resumption of power exports to Basra Province.

The official said the electricity flow was cut a few weeks ago due to Iraq's debt to Iran; however, power was restored upon the visit of an Iraqi team to Tehran to settle the issue.

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Turkish warplanes hit PKK targets in southeast Turkey, northern Iraq: sources

Reuters reports:

The Turkish army carried out air strikes in rural parts of southeastern Turkey and northern Iraq, targeting logistics posts used by Kurdish militants, security sources said on Saturday.

Twenty jets took off from Diyarbakir air base late on Friday and bombed sites used by Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militants for food and weapons support in Hakurk, Avasin and Qandil in northern Iraq, the sources said.

Two separate rounds of air bombardments were carried out in Sirnak province near the Iraq border after receiving an intelligence tip-off, the sources said.

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Iraq’s Doctors Face Threats of Violence

Matt Bradley writes for The Wall Street Journal:

A breakdown in public order in the wake of Iraq’s fight against Islamic State is exposing the country’s doctors to revenge attacks from grieving families, powerful tribes and militia leaders.

Doctors in some of the busiest emergency wards say shouting matches and even fistfights between doctors and patients’ families and comrades happen several times a day, while security services do little to intervene.

The unchecked attacks, which are happening during one of the most violent periods in Iraq’s recent history, are prompting some doctors to depart the country even as it suffers from a shortage of medical professionals. The void they leave is likely to last long after Islamic State militants are driven from Iraqi territory and the militias that combat them are sidelined.

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Protests Disband After IS Group Carries Out 2nd Iraq Bombing

Susannah George and Sinan Salaheddin report for AP:

Anti-government protesters disbanded at least temporarily Sunday from the heavily fortified Green Zone they had stormed a day earlier after the Islamic State group carried out its second major attack in Iraq in as many days - a pair of car bombs that killed more than 30 people.

The country's political crisis intensified Saturday when hundreds of supporters of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr tore down walls and poured into the zone that is home to the seat of the Iraqi government and most foreign embassies. Loudspeaker announcements on Sunday evening urged protesters to leave peacefully. When the call came, hundreds calmly packed up and left, carrying flags and overnight bags away with them.

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Raised by war: This is what it’s like to come of age in Iraq

Jane Arraf writes for PRI:

In 2003, the most powerful army in the world invaded Iraq. Ali Makhzoumy was 16 at the time. He remembers the grating sound of American tanks as they rolled into Baghdad. The invasion was just the beginning. It was a warning shot for the unimaginable forces that would define life for an entire generation of young Iraqis.

At the time, its architects expected the war to be short. Removing Saddam Hussein — whom the US falsely accused of harboring weapons of mass destruction and supporting al-Qaeda — was the stated goal. Few considered the possibility that, in one form or another, the conflict could drag on for well over a decade. And certainly none of them considered the impact that 13 years of war could have on Iraqi youth.

The lives of Iraqis now in their late teens and their twenties have been shaped by years of Western economic sanctions, the US invasion, and the conflicts that were at least partly born from it: multiple insurgencies, civil war, and the rise of ISIS. The paths of young people have been altered in life-changing ways. And as Iraq’s 20 million children grow to be adults, their experiences will shape the country — for better or for worse — for many years still to come.

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Islamic State turns to selling fish, cars to offset oil losses: report

Stephen Kalin writes for Reuters:

Islamic State earns millions of dollars a month running car dealerships and fish farms in Iraq, making up for lower oil income after its battlefield losses, Iraqi judicial authorities said on Thursday.

Security experts once estimated the ultra-radical Islamist group's annual income at $2.9 billion, much of it coming from oil and gas installations in Iraq and Syria.

The U.S.-led coalition has targeted Islamic State's financial infrastructure, using air strikes to reduce its ability to extract, refine and transport oil and so forcing fighters to reportedly take significant pay cuts.

Yet the militants, who seized a third of Iraq's territory and declared a caliphate in 2014, seem to be adapting again to this latest set of constraints, in some cases reviving previous profit-turning ventures like farming.

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Daesh is doomed, Canada’s top general says during dramatic visit to Iraq

Bruce Campion-Smith writes for The Toronto Star:

Abandoned villages, a shattered bridge, hidden bombs and a steady stream of fighters headed to the frontline.

That’s the scene that greeted Canada’s top general as he paid a dramatic visit to northern Iraq Thursday to the area where Canadian special operations forces soldiers are aiding Peshmerga fighters.

Gen. Jonathan Vance, chief of defence staff, said the Islamic State is doomed to defeat and predicted that Canadian forces and their Peshmerga allies will play a key role in the coming battle for Mosul, the Iraqi city that remains a key extremist stronghold.

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Iraqis flee Islamic State only to find themselves detained

Sofia Barbarani writes for IRIN:

In early April, they risked their lives to flee the so-called Islamic State. But after walking 11 hours from their hometown of Hawija in northern Iraq to the relative safety of Kurdish-controlled territory, Mustafa and his exhausted family of six found no freedom.

Since being transported by truck from northern Kirkuk to Nazrawa camp, south of the city, they haven’t been allowed to leave. They are now stuck, among some 2,200 inhabitants of a camp critics say has become a de facto detention centre for Sunni Arabs.

Iraq’s internally displaced are citizens of the country, and retain the right to move freely inside the country. However, having lived under IS for nearly two years, the more recently displaced are viewed as being potentially supportive of IS.

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Kurds, Shi’ites agree to withdraw forces from north Iraq town after clashes

Reuters reports:

Senior Kurdish and Shi'ite Muslim leaders agreed on Wednesday to withdraw their forces from a northern Iraqi town in a bid to end violence that has killed more than 10 people in recent days.

The clashes in Tuz Khurmato, 175 km (110 miles) north of Baghdad, marked the latest violence in the town since Islamic State militants were driven back in 2014 by Kurdish peshmerga and Shi'ite militia, nominal allies against the Sunni militants.

Mayor Shalal Abdul said that under the deal, local police would take control of Tuz Khurmato - home to Kurds, Shi'ite Turkmen and Sunni Arabs.

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