Iraq Oil Report's Daily Brief compiles the most important news and analysis about Iraq from around the web.

Senior military figures accused for Mosul’s fall

The Kurdish Globe reports:

The governor of Nineveh and several senior Iraqi military figures are among the most prominent names who will be indicted by the official committee investigating the takeover of Iraq's second city, Mosul, last year by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).  The governor of Nineveh and several senior Iraqi military figures are among the most prominent names who will be indicted by the official committee investigating the takeover of Iraq?s second city, Mosul, last year by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).

According to the source, among the most prominent military figures indicted in the report is Lt. Gen. Farouq Al-A?araji, director of the chief-of-staff?s office of the armed forces, who is accused of not passing on a message meant for then-prime minister Nuri Al-Maliki informing him of the fall of Mosul.

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WHO warns it may have to shut clinics in Iraq

BBC reports :

The World Health Organization (WHO) is warning that it may have to shut down its network of 77 clinics serving people who fled their homes to escape Islamic State. Earlier in June, the UN warned it may be forced to reduce more than half of its critical aid operations for those affected by conflict in Iraq. The UN has appealed for nearly $500m (£325; €443) to cover the immediate needs of 5.6m Iraqis for the next six months.

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Promise of 450 advisers to Iraq is a reasonable response to Mideast chaos U.S. helped create

The Buffalo News writes:

Under the circumstances, President Obama’s decision to send 450 more advisers to Iraq makes enough sense to go ahead with it, but it won’t help if Iraqis don’t make a commitment to join the fight. And to people who remember Vietnam, the idea of sending “advisers” carries unwelcome connotations.

Nevertheless, we are paying the price that former Secretary of State Colin Powell warned about before we invaded Iraq: “If you break it, you own it.” The threat posed by the savages in ISIS – the reason Obama is sending the advisers – exists in large part because the U.S. invasion of Iraq has created a decade of chaos in the Middle East.

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Baghdad to host Iran, Syria, Iraq trilateral meeting

The Tasnim News Agency reports:

High-ranking officials from Iran, Syria and Iraq are planned to hold a trilateral meeting in the Iraqi capital of Baghdad in the near future, Iran's Interior Minister Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli announced on Monday."The meeting will be held in Baghdad and the three countries, which are alongside one another in the Resistance Front against Israel and are fighting terrorism, violence and extremism will participate in it," Rahmani Fazli told reporters in a joint press conference with his Syrian counterpart, Mohammad Ibrahim al-Shaar, in Tehran.

He further expressed the hope that the trilateral meeting would be a prelude to holding a session of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in line with efforts to fight against the phenomenon of terrorism and to serve common interests of the member countries.

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Iran, Syria, Iraq to coordinate efforts against terror

The Indo Asian News Service reports:

Iran, Iraq and Syria will meet in the Iraqi capital Baghdad soon to discuss how they can effectively fight terror, Iranian Interior Minister Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli said on Monday. The upcoming tripartite meeting is expected to coordinate their efforts in fighting violence, extremism and terrorism in the region, Fazli said at a joint press conference with visiting Syrian Interior Minister Muhammad Ibrahim al-Sha'ar, official IRNA news agency reported.

The terrorists of Islamic State (IS) militant group have distorted the image of Islam and, in collaboration with the West, the US and their regional allies, have posed challenges to the unity among Muslims, Fazil said. Iran and Syria signed a memorandum of understanding on Monday to exchange expertise in security issues and campaigns against illicit drug smuggling and human trafficking, according to the report. Al Sha'ar arrived in Tehran on Sunday to hold talks with senior Iranian officials on anti-terror cooperation.

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Cigarette smuggler skirts deadly edge of IS smoking ban

Vivian Salama and Bram Janssen report for AP:

It was a heart-racing moment. The cigarette smuggler was stuck in line at a checkpoint as, up ahead, Islamic State militants were searching cars. He was running a big risk: The militants have banned smoking and lighting up is punishable with a fine or broken finger. Selling cigarettes can be a death sentence.

Falah Abdullah Jamil, 30, relied on his quick wits and silver tongue. When the fighters came to his vehicle at the checkpoint leading to his home village of Eski Mosul in northern Iraq, they asked what he had in his trunk. "Nothing," he lied. They popped open the trunk and found the 125 cartons of cigarettes he'd brought from Rabia, a town near the border with Syria.

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Three sisters, nine children, one dangerous journey to the heart of Isis

Hassah Hassan writes for the Guardian:

A year after the establishment of the so-called caliphate by Islamic State, western governments are struggling for strategies to challenge sympathy among their citizens towards the militants. Foreigners continue to migrate to the territory in spite of substantial military, security and PR efforts and after Isis’s widely publicised military defeats in recent months.

And last week the process took a sinister new turn: three British sisters from Bradford left their husbands and travelled to Syria, taking with them their nine children, to live under Isis. Seven hundred Britons are now estimated to have made the difficult, dangerous and, to many, incomprehensible journey. Such incidents are hard to anticipate and to deal with and they arguably help Isis to bolster its claims of legitimacy and relevance.

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Obama tinkers with failed Islamic State strategy

Trudy Rubin writes in the Seattle Times:

One of the most frustrating aspects of President Obama’s strategy to degrade and destroy the Islamic State in Iraq is that he seems to grasp why it isn’t working. Yet he refuses to take the obvious steps needed to fix it (and I don’t mean sending thousands of American ground troops). Instead, he only tinkers with a strategy that has failed. U.S. officials rightly want the Iraqis to do the fighting against the Islamic State, helped by U.S. trainers and coalition airstrikes.

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Over 100 jihadists training camps identified in Iraq and Syria

Bill Roggio and Caleb Weiss write for the Long War Journal:

The number of training camps operated by jihadists inside Iraq and Syria continues to rise. The Long War Journal has identified more than 100 in the two countries. While not all of these facilities may be currently operational, the proliferation of camps by the Islamic State, the Al Nusrah Front, and other groups poses a regional and global threat.

Since the beginning of 2012, a total of 117 camps have been identified as being operational at one point in time. Of those, 85 have been found in Syria, and 32 in Iraq; 11 are used to indoctrinate and train children.

Some of the jihadist training facilities may no longer be in operation due to changes in fortunes on the battlefield (lost territory, airstrikes, etc.). At least 16 are thought to be closed and 15 to 22 have been hit in Coalition airstrikes. It is unclear if these camps have been destroyed or if they reopened in the same location or elsewhere. It is also likely that there are training sites that have not been advertised.

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Iraq’s oil: gush but worry

The Economist reports :

The news from Iraq is not all bad. Despite the war against Islamic State (IS) in the north and west, for three months in a row Iraq has pumped record amounts of oil. New wells operated by Lukoil, a Russian firm, at the vast West Qurna oilfield have come on stream. Iraq has found a way to separate light crude from the heavier sort, enabling it to sell two types rather than an unpredictably adulterated blend, raising exports from 3.1m barrels a day (b/d) to almost 4m.

Kurdistan’s autonomous government is pumping out more oil, too. Thanks to the pipeline it opened in November that bypasses the IS-held city of Mosul, it is sending a record 550,000 b/d to Ceyhan, a port on Turkey’s Mediterranean coast. Despite the Kurds’ seizure last year of the oil-rich area around Kirkuk, whose ownership is disputed by Iraq’s Arabs, Kurdish oil officials are getting on better than before with their counterparts in Iraq’s central oil ministry in Baghdad. All told, a decade of investment is at last starting to pay off.

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