Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Iraq -- countries that have long occupied the lower rungs on corruption and freedoms rankings -- now have another disappointing evaluation to add to this list: they're positioned at the very bottom of the 2012 Environmental Performance Index (EPI).
Produced by researchers at Yale and Columbia Universities in the United States, in collaboration with the World Economic Forum, the index ranks 132 nations' across 10 environmental policy categories, including air and water pollution, climate change, biodiversity, forest management, and fisheries management.
Based on data from the World Bank, the UN, and other institutions, the EPI is meant to highlight countries' environmental achievements as well as shortcomings and therefore guiding policy.
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